Management of Amavata (rheumatoid arthritis) with Diet and Virechanakarma



rheumatoid-arthritis

Compiled by Dr. Rajesh Nashine, BAMS

How to recover from Amavata (rheumatoid arthritis)

Amavata

is a disease initially manifests as a gut disorder with symptoms of indigestion and anorexia.

Later the disease is seen to encroach all the tissues, mainly bones, muscles and joints and multiple organs to cause a symptom complex. This condition is often compared to Rheumatoid arthritis of modern day. Some authors have also compared it to stages of gouty arthritis. The disease is formed due to vicious amalgamation of morbid Vata and ama.

Causes of rheumatoid arthritis :

1.) Mutually incompatible foods (Viruddha Ahara)
2.) Unwholesome lifestyle practices ( Viruddha Chesta )
3.) Having low metabolism and sluggish digestion for a longer period (Mandagni )
4.) Sedentary life activities ( Nischala )
5.) Consuming unctuous, oily and high caloric food and immediately getting indulged in exercises (Snigdhabhojana before vyayama )
6.) Emotional factors such as passion, anger, greed, confusion, envy,grief, excitement, fear etc.

How is Amavata formed?

Due to the above said causes plenty of ama is formed in the body. The vata also gets vitiated and pushes the ama into different parts of the body through circulation. Mainly Vayu pushes the ama into the shleshmasthana (sites of Kapha), mainly the bony joints and muscles. The ama on further vitiation by Vata and Kapha enters the circulation and later gets associated with morbid Pitta. This gives the combination a corrosive nature and they tend to destroy any tissue or organ with which they come into contact. The vitiated ama and Vata get lodged in various joints, mainly in the low back, pelvis and hips and causes stiffness of the body along with severe pain.

amavata-formed

Signs and Symptoms of Amavata :

1.) Morning pain severe in nature (Vriscikdamshavata Vedana)
2.) Shifting pain (Sanchari Vedana)
3.) Stiffness of joints (Stambha)
4.) Increase temperature (Jwara )
5.) loss of movements (Karmahani)
6.) Joint deformity (Sandhi Vikruti)
7.) Loss of appetite (Kshudhamandya)

Signs and Symptoms of Amavata according to doshas :

Vitiated Vata produces colicky pain, body ache, abdominal distension, giddiness, stiffness of back and waist, constriction and spasm of blood vessels.

Vitiated Pitta produces fever, diarrhea, thirst, giddiness and delirium.

Vitiated Kapha produces vomiting, anorexia, indigestion, fevers with cold, lassitude and heaviness in body.


Classification :

1.) Vataj - pain is severe in this type.
2.) Pittanubandhi - burning sensation and redness of the affected joints is present.
3.) Kaphanubandhi - loss of movement and itching is seen in this type.
4.) Prognosis (Sadhyasadhyata)
5.) Disease with early onset and single dosha prominence in young individual can be cured with proper treatment.
6.) As the disease become chronic it involves multiple systems, which makes the disease incurable.

Line of Treatment :

1.) Langhana (Fasting)
2.) Shodhanachikitsa (Purification of the body)
3.) Shamanachikitsa (Treatment to reduce symptoms)
4.) Hot fomentation can be done for the affected joints.
5.) Medicines for promoting the digestive fire, amapachana, can be used. These include Amrithothoramkashayam, Rasnaerandadikashayam, Amritarishtam, Amritadichoornam and Amavatari rasa. Again, the medicines must be given after assessing the rogi and rogabala only.
6.) Mriduvirechana (mild purgation) can be given. Ksharavasti or Vaitaranavasti can be given. This is medicated, self-administered enema therapy. Upanaha can be done on affected joints.

Diet And Lifestyle Regimen :

1.) Avoid curd, fish, milk, urad dal and jaggery
2.) Consume horse gram, ginger, bitter gourd and drumsticks
3.) Intake of garlic is advised
4.) Avoid day time sleep
5.) Evacuate bowels regularly
6.) Always use warm water to drink and for taking a bath
7.) Reduce stress by practicing yoga and meditation
8.) Weight should be controlled, avoid a high fat diet
9.) Ideally, consult with a qualified Ayurvedic practitioner to get proper treatment for the management of Amavata.

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