SANDHIGATA VATA – DEGENERATIVE JOINT DISORDER AN AYURVEDIC VIEW



sandhigata-vata

Compiled by Dr. Divya Naveen, BAMS

In the Ayurvedic classics Sandhigata vata is described in concise form. Clinically the description of Sandhigata vata explained in the classical texts is similar to the condition Osteoarthritis in modern science. In old age, all Dhatus undergo Kshaya(degeneration), Thus leading to Vataprakopa and making individual prone to many diseases. Among them Sandhigatavata(osteo arthritis) stands top in the list. Having the symptoms like pain, swelling, crepitus, and restricted joint movements. Ayurveda highlighted degenerative diseases under the concepts like "Dhatu saithilyam" and "Dhatu kshayam". Sandhigata Vata is one of such disease, which needs a specific target of therapeutic intervention to check or slow down the process of "Dhatu kshaya" and to pacify Vata. It limits everyday activities such as walking, dressing, bathing etc., thus making individual handicapped.

What Causes sandhigata vata ?

Sandhigata vata is caused by the vitiation of Vata dosha in body. Causative factors are as follows :

General causative factors are old age,Consumption of dry and cold foods, Irregular sleeping habits,Suppression of natural urges,Exposure to extreme cold and dry weather ete,

Local causes are degeneration of cartilage due to ageing,over strain on joint, previous injuries or inflamation to the joint.

What are the Common Symptoms ?

  • ✔ Stiffness in joints
  • ✔ Swelling around the joint
  • ✔ Tender and warm skin over the joint
  • ✔ Crunching or cracking noises on movement
  • ✔ Difficulty in movements

Ayurvedic Treatment for Sandhigata vata

Ayurvedic treatments of Osteoarthritis are not only prevents further deterioration but also rejuvenates the damaged cartilages.

Our treatment procedure starts with identifying root cause (nidana) first, based on that the line of treatments is customized.

Depending on the conditions Customized treatments will have following aspects

  • ✔ Shodhana chikitsa/panchakarma(detoxification)
  • ✔ Brumhana chikitsa(nourishing treatments)

Which includes external therapies like Abhyanga(oil application), swedana(sudation),Kayaseka, lepam ete., as well as internal medications like Maharasnadi kashayam,lakshadi guggulu and single hurbs like Aswagandha,guduchi,guggulu, asthisrunghala ete.

Varsha ritu is the season in which Vata dosa is in Prakopa(aggrevated) stage naturally and it aggravates vata predominant diseases like Sandhigata vata, Amavata ete. Thus Varsha ritu is the best season to get treatments for all these diseases.

Diet and lifestyle regimen

  • ✔ Warm water for drinking and bathing
  • ✔ Sleep properly at night and avoid day sleep
  • ✔ Proper evacuation of bowel
  • ✔ Weight should be controlled
  • ✔ Yoga and pranayana

Ideally, consult with a qualified Ayurvedic practitioner to get proper treatment for the management of degenerative joint disorders.



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