Muscle pain originates in any of the muscles in the body. There are many reasons behind this muscle pain. Some of the reasons are injury, overuse or exertion, infection, inflammatory conditions, etc. A number of conditions can be associated with generalized aches and pain such as influenza that are perceived to be muscle pain.
Muscle pain can be localized to a particular muscle or group of muscles depending upon the condition. Usually, injury or overexertion causes localized muscle pain.
Depending upon the severity of the injuries or diseases the pain can be mild, severe, or debilitating. Systemic pain which is felt generalized in the body is different from normal muscle pain and needs more attention.
CAUSES OF MUSCLE PAIN:-
- Chronic Fatigue Syndrome
- Muscle tension
- Overuse of muscle or muscle exertion
- Injury of muscle
- Infections such as flue,polio,bacterial infectionetc
- Autoimmune disorders like lupus, dermatomyositis, polymyositis
- Thyroid dysfunction (hyper and hypothyroidism)
- Rheumatoid Arthritis
- Strain Injuries(mostly repetitive)
- Stress and muscle pain(this is because when you feel stress the body produces hormones that make your muscle tense up and increase your sensitivity to pain
- Vit d and calcium deficiency
- Multiple Sclerosis
- A lack of sleep can also cause a severe impact on the body
AYURVEDIC ASPECTS IN MUSCLE PAIN:-
There are many factors that can be involved in the chronic pain and tenderness of muscle associated with other diseases. These factors are not always the same for each individual. However, in general, as per Ayurveda, the aggravation of Vata dosha (due to margavarodha) and accumulation of Ama (toxins) are the primary causes of muscle pain or myalgia.
According to Ayurveda muscle pain or mamsa pida came under vatavyadhi (diseases caused primarily by vitiated Vāta dosha). Vātavyādhi is a disease of chronic and unpredictable nature, but in time affecting one or more additional tissues. It is described in ancient texts as manifesting with a variety of possible and changing symptoms and signs including pain, stiffness, contracture, fatigue, gradual loss of movement, and mental disturbance.
Acharyas explained the pathogenesis as originates in the gastrointestinal tract (anna vaha srota) then branches out through the madhyama rogamarga, the middle channels of pathogenic process of disease, with special inclination for shleshma sthana especially muscle tissues (mamsa dhatu) and their corresponding channels. Then arises the mamsa peeda.