Paediatric

PEADIATRIC TREATMENTS

As adults are stressed, children have their own issues. Learning new things, trying to cope with academicals as well as non-academicals stuff, peer pressure and continuously happening physical changes. Too much too handle, isn’t it?.
Birla Ayurveda for the first time introducing treatments and therapies for Paediatric group, wherein ayurveda can help them lead a healthy life, rather than introducing ayurveda in their life at the stage of some disease.

Ayurveda Therapies For Paediatric Treatments

Shishuabhyangam

0 months- 5 years
Duration: 30 min session

Kishorabhyangam

5 years - 10 years
Duration: 30 min session

Kumarabhyangam

10 years - 16 years
Duration: 30 min session

Benifits/ Advantages

  • Relaxes mind
  • Increase circulation
  • Stimulate digestion
  • Calms mind
  • Encourages free flow of lymphatic fluid
  • Enhances function of major as well as minor organs
  • Boosts growth factor
  • Nourishes body as well as brain.
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SHISHUABHYANGAM :- 6 MONTHS- 5 YEARS

Nine months in mother’s womb and sudden exposure to the outer world and the birth procedure, too much for a new life to handle.

  1. Our therapies not only help him adjust with the new environment but also nourish body, bones, and brain too.
  2. Helps in timely and early achievements of developmental milestones.
  3. As parents are involved during therapy it strengths the bond between child and parents.
  4. As the miracles of affinity to skin, direct skin contact with parents is scientifically proven.
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KISHORABHYANGAM:- 5 YEARS – 10 YEARS

All they know is play, over-enthusiastic and ever charged. The crucial phase of life according to me as it’s when you step beyond your secure and safe homely environment and develops new tastes, broadens their horizons (School, friends, games, growth with no sense of right and wrong.)

  1. Our therapies enhance their senses making them more receptive towards new and better things in life.
  2. Relaxes and enriches the overworked muscles.
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KUMARABHYANGAM :-10 YEARS - 16 YEARS

An age group is popularly known as an adolescent, body going through a lot of physical and probably new changes, (first menses, puberty, peer pressure, etc.)

  1. What better than Ayurveda can help when you are hitting your growth spurt- disciplining your body with massage and channelizing the energy towards the right cause.
  2. It not only stabilizes you physically but also makes one’s mind and body sound to take right and proper decisions towards bright future.

Mega Health camp

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AGE WISE BIFURCATION OF PEDIATRIC TREATMENTS

6months-5 years:
  • Soovarna prashan
  • Breast Feeding counselling
  • Abhyangam oil
  • Special medicated powders-use for bathing purpose

5 year-10 years:
  • Dietary changes
  • Krumighna chikitsa
  • Soovarna prashan
  • Treatment therapies-better bone growth,improve intelligence
  • Therapies like-matra basti, abhyanagam, annalepam, medhya sneha

10-16yrs of age:
  • Soovarna prashan
  • Lifestyle-physical activity ,sports adviced
  • Yoga advice
  • Krumighna chikitsa-deworming
  • Netra raksha-eye care
  • Treatment therapies :
  • Abhyanagam, navara kizhi, medhya sanskaar, netra tharpanam, dhara, matra basti etc
  • Counselling for adolescence.

Pediatric Ayurveda:-

Pediatric Ayurveda lays the foundation of good life. It gives importance to the physical, mental and psychological growth of a child. If child rearing, childcare and treatment are carried out according to the rules of Pediatric Ayurveda, then definitely the child will turn into happy and healthy adult.

At every stage of development of the child, there are special problems faced for e.g. during teething (Dhantodbhav), it is natural for a child to have loose motions and fever. At every age of the child, the pattern of the disease changes for which the treatment also has to change accordingly for e.g. secondary sex characteristics appear during the adolescent age at which the abnormal pubertal developments may also occur. Children in general, are more prone to infectious disease as compared to the adult. Children are also more prone to accidents for e.g. foreign body aspirations.

Childhood diagnosis is different and difficult as compared to that in the adult. Children are scared to go to the doctor and are unable to communicate about their symptoms. They are not easily ready for a physical examination and have to be coaxed to do that. Thus, a physician has to be alert and careful while dealing with children.

Childhood treatment is also different as compared to the adult. The method of 5 elemental actions (panchkarma) used in adults is not recommended in children and if used, has to be used with utmost caution. Children do not tolerate bad tasting (Vishmishrit, Tukshana, Katu, Tikt, Kasaya) medicine. They prefer sweet and tasty medicine. Thus treatment in children has its own importance.

Ayurvedic pediatrics is divided into 4 according to the Age of Child :-

Navjaat (Newborn)

From birth to 1 month of age.

Shishu (Infant)

From 2 months to 2 years of age.

Balak (Child)

From 3 years to 12 years of age.

Kaumar (Adolescent)

From 13 to 16 years of age.

Management of Bala Roga: An Ayurveda perspective :-

Shishu, Bala or Kumara Avastha means childhood age described by traditional science of Indian medical system, the basic features of this age group are; lack of sexual desire, sleeping tendency and Kumara Shrira, this is an age of mental and physical development. Kaumarabhrityaka, Kaumarabhritya, Kumara Tantra or Kaumarabhritya encompasses information regarding pediatric diseases (Bala Roga). The ayurveda text Kaumarabhritya not only encompasses the information regarding pediatric diseases but also emphasized diseases of genital organs which may impart to the Bala Roga. Dhatri, Stanya, Dushti may be considered as disease causative factor in Ksheerada Avastha. The predominance and prevalence of Dosh, mala and Dushya are different in Kumara Avastha therefore especial attention require in this age to prevent chances of disease. This article summarizes role of traditional approaches of Ayurveda for the prevention, diagnosis and treatment of Bala Roga.

Pathophysiology of disease mainly involves disturbances of three Doshas (Vata, Pitta, Kapha) thus doshic balance is very important for retaining good health. Kapha Dosha is predominance in Bala Avastha resulted diseases originated from disturbance of kapha dosha. Balshosha, Phakka Roga, Karshya etc., are diseases arise due to the Kapha & Vata dosha vitiation. Ayurveda suggests diet regimen for children to maintain normal physiological functioning of body & Doshic balance along with suggested daily life routine.

In Bala Avastha physical strength is less since Dhatus are yet to be built up resulting more susceptibility for the infectious diseases; thus pediatric care needed different therapeutic approaches for the management of various diseases as compared to diseases of adult age. Ayurveda suggested different modalities for the prevention, diagnosis and treatment of pediatric disease.

Bala-Roga: Preventive Approaches :-

Stanya feeding from the birth develop immune system of Shishu; Stanya feeding is suggested by ayurveda for new born baby for Deha Pushti, Dhatu Vardhana and Bala Vardhana.

Light liquid diet may be given after 6-8 months, heavy diet should be avoided which may cause constipation.

Ayurveda also advised Phalaprashana and Annaprashana Samsakara for Bala Avastha for proper physical and mental development.

Ayurveda advocated that carbohydrates, protein, fat, minerals and vitamins enriched Ahara boost immunity of growing children; thus food stuff must encompasses all essential component of balance diet.

Ayurveda believe that vitiate Kappha predominate in Bala Avastha thus such food must be avoided which may vitiate Kappha Dosha.

As per medical science very cold or very hot food must be avoided in Bala Avastha to prevent any chances of PrakritiVirudha.

The liquid and solid diet in Bala Avastha must be planned as per the Dohsa, Kala and Prakriti so as to avoid Virudha-Ahara which may result disease conditions.

The traditional science of Indian medical system strongly described that hygiene conditions avoid attack & prognosis of diseases.

The rules of Dinacharya & Ritucharya help to retain normal health in Bala Avastha.

The potency of drug should be fixed with great care for Bala Avastha since in this age Dosha, Dushya and Malla are less thus detoxification is not very prominent and excess amount of drug may cause harm due to the accumulation.

Bala-Roga: Diagnostic Approaches :-

Observation of body characters and movements of suffered child along with external symptoms.
Consideration of disease associated with reproductive system of mother and Dhatri.

Graham Rogas play significant role towards the

disease pathogenesis in Bala Avastha.
Other pathologic conditions such as; Beeja Dushti, Beejabhaga, Beejabhagavayava are few genital Vyadhi which may leads pediatric disease such as; Khandoushtha, Kuchikarnika, Jatyandha, Suchimukhi and Vaarta, etc.

Diet regimen of mother during pregnancy period also play significant role towards the Bal-Roga.

Nadi-Pariksha and Sharir-Pariksha should be involved in diagnostic approaches.

Prashna Pariksha also suggests some aspect about history and prognosis of disease.

Bala-Roga: Therapeutic Approaches :-

 

Herbs such as; Shankhpushpi, Guduchi, Jyotishmati, Mandookparni etc., improve Dhatus, Agni, Srotasas and Ojus.

Panchakarma therapy also play significant role in Bala Roga; since Panchakarma therapy pacify vitiated Doshas, perform detoxification and open Shrotas.

Virechana control Pranavaha Sroto Vyadhi; Swasa Kasa when pitta dosha is vitiated.

Nasya Karma helps in diseases which occur due to the Kapha and Vata predominance.

Vamana eliminate Kapha Dosha by opening pranavaha srotastha.

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